The authors attempt to present, necessarily in an oversimplified and modified form, some of the concepts of Hindu philosophers, embodied in ancient Indian literature, whose practical application has been found useful in obtaining and maintaining peace of mind. They are considered relevant to the treatment of psychiatric disorders. The postures and exercises associated with these concepts are traditional; they would need a long description, and an account of them has therefore been omitted from this paper. The treatment based on these postures and exercises has nothing to do with the Hindu religion, and in our view is of universal applicability; it is, we consider, a practical therapeutic application of accepted neurophysiological principles. In brief, the practice of these techniques leads to an increased control over voluntary and involuntary nervous functions. Clinical results obtained are illustrated by three case histories and a tabulated presentation of 30 cases. Treatment normally involves sessions of a half to one hour, six days a week, for 4 to 6 weeks.
It is not always necessary to go through the entire procedure, and the methods can also be modified, depending on what the patient wants to achieve. Mental tension may be relieved even in the early stages of treatment. But the constant practice of suitable methods over a prolonged period can lead to peace of mind, which one can only realize by personal experience. Whether one could call this "self enlightenment" or "self realization", the total effect is an ability to maintain lasting peace of mind.