A controlled trial of social intervention in the families of schizophrenic patients: two year follow-up.
J Leff, L Kuipers, R Berkowitz, D Sturgeon


The two-year follow-up results are reported of a trial of social intervention in families of schizophrenic patients in high social contact with high-expressed emotion (EE) relatives. For those patients who remained on antipsychotic medication throughout the two years, the social intervention significantly reduced the relapse rate. In those experimental families where relatives' EE and/or face-to-face contact was lowered, the relapse rate was 14% compared with 78% for control patients on regular medication (P = 0.02).