The British Journal of Psychiatry
Psychotherapy in borderline and narcissistic personality disorder.
A Higgitt, P Fonagy

Abstract

Psychodynamic concepts about borderline personality disorder are reviewed and the literature concerning psychotherapeutic treatment of this group is examined. The treatment contexts considered include: psychoanalysis and intensive (expressive) psychoanalytic psychotherapy, supportive psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, family therapy, in-patient treatment, the therapeutic community, cognitive-behavioural approaches, and combinations of drugs and psychotherapy. The practical implications of recent follow-up studies for intervention strategies are considered.