Declaration of interest
Although there are consistent reports of higher psychosis rates among immigrants, the information on mood disorders is limited.
To review and quantify the difference in incidence of mood disorders in first- and second-generation immigrant (FGI and SGI) groups v. non-immigrants.
PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for articles from cohort studies reporting incidence of mood disorders among FGIs and SGIs.
Eighteen studies met our inclusion criteria. The summary relative risk (RR) for FGIs was 1.25 (95% CI 1.11–1.41), based on 17 effect sizes and 6120 cases, and 1.16 (95% CI 0.96–1.40) for SGIs based on three effect sizes. Men seemed at higher risk (RR = 1.29, 95% CI 1.06–1.56).
Clinicians should view FGIs as a group at risk of mood disorders, especially men. Further research is needed to understand immigrants' risk, especially in SGI.
This work was supported by the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
- © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2017.
Log in using your username and password
Log in through your institution
Purchase Short-Term Access
Pay per Article - You may access this article (and download the PDF version) for 1 day for US$30.00.
Pay per Issue - You may access this issue (from the computer you are currently using) for 365 days for US$90.00.
Pay for Admission - You may access all content in The British Journal of Psychiatry (and download the PDF version) for 1 day for US$45.00.
Regain Access - You can regain access to a recent Pay per Article, Pay per Issue, or Pay for Admission purchase if your access period has not yet expired.