Table 2

Setting characteristics predictive of drug reinstatement

‘ Fail’ group v. ‘success’ group ‘ Failure to progress’ group v. ‘further reduction’ group
1. Mann-Whitney U-test.
More people with severe disabilities U=73.5, P<0.051
More short-term care places U=81.5, P<0.05
More environmental modifications χ 2=4.9, d.f.=1, P<0.05
More use of toughened glass χ 2=4.6, d.f.=1, P<0.05
More restrictions on resident exit χ 2=7.0, d.f.=1, P<0.01 More restrictions on resident exit χ 2=4.6, d.f.=1, P<0.05
Less perimeter or setting security χ 2=6.2, d.f.=1, P<0.05
Lower senior staff to resident ratio at night U=90, P<0.05
Fewer full-time staff U=96, P<0.05
More without written policies on physical restraint χ 2=7.0, d.f.=1, P<0.01 More without written policies on physical restraint χ 2=4.6, d.f.=1, P<0.05
Fewer staff trained in physical restraint U=53.5, P<0.01
Fewer staff attended refresher courses on physical restraint χ 2=4.4, d.f.=1, P<0.05 Fewer staff attended refresher courses on physical restraint χ 2=7.8, d.f.=1, P<0.01
Less budgetary control χ 2=5.6, d.f.=1, P<0.05