Table 2

Biochemical mediators of lithium's effects in the central nervous system: a surfeit of candidates

ATPase, adenosine 5′-triphosphatase; PKC, protein kinase C; MARCKS, myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate; GSK, glycogen synthase kinase.
Na+/K+ ATPase
Neurotransmitters
Serotonin
Dopamine
Noradrenalin
Acetylcholine
Glutamate
Receptors
β , α2, D2, 5-HT1A
Signalling
Phosphoinositides
PKC, MARCKS
G proteins
Phospholipase A2
Adenylate cyclases
Calcium
GSK-3β
Gene expression