Table 3

Numbers and percentages of children in low, ‘pure’, and co-occurring mental health symptom groups according to timing of initial exposure to maternal depression and child gender

Timing of initial exposure to maternal depression
Never Infancy period Toddler/pre-school period
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
n=421.
Low symptoms group 81 (53) 110 (71) 5 (36) 14 (46) 26 (65) 15 (52)
High ‘pure’ internalising group 21 (14) 22 (14) 4 (29) 5 (17) 5 (12) 4 (14)
High ‘pure’ externalising group 40 (26) 11 (7) 2 (14) 3 (10) 6 (15) 7 (24)
High ‘both’ group 11 (7) 12 (8) 3 (21) 8 (27) 3 (8) 3 (10)