Table 3

Comparison of maternal controlling behaviours across the three groups

Eating disorder (e) group Depression (d) group Comparison (c) group Between subjects (groups) Group × situation interactions Post hoc contrasts1
Mean (s.d.) Mean (s.d.) Mean (s.d.) F(2, 131) PF(2, 131) P
1.Significant at least at P<0.05 level. All points on the rating scales are defined.
Event-sampled observations
Strong verbal control (rate/hour)
Play 178.87 (84.31) 112.25 (75.73) 127.63 (81.25) 7.74 <0.01 3.95 <0.05 e>c
Mealtime 56.30 (37.17) 38.42 (33.05) 45.19 (33.64) e>d
Gentle verbal control (rate/hour)
Play 119.44 (56.50) 139.94 (58.03) 139.83 (67.08) 1.91 NS 0.60 NS
Mealtime 37.01 (21.36) 44.31 (24.26) 44.65 (22.18)
Maternal speech (% controlling/total statements)
Play 51.32 (10.07) 44.12 (11.13) 44.33 (10.29) 2.70 0.07 3.11 <0.05 e>c
Mealtime 27.30 (11.48) 27.85 (12.52) 26.00 (10.27)
Time-sampled observations
Frequency of mother—infant physical contact (1=nil, 9=contact throughout session)
Play 2.92 (1.48) 3.17 (1.44) 3.11 (1.56) 1.18 NS 0.91 NS
Mealtime 1.87 (0.67) 2.03 (1.61) 2.30 (1.39)