Table 4

Social functioning during 60 months of follow-up by intervention condition and by diagnostic group (n=73)

Living in institutions for psychiatric patients (months) Structural activities (months) Help from the family (sum score)
n Mean s.d. U1P Mean s.d. U1P Mean s.d. U1P
1.Mann—Whitney test, two-tailed.
2.Nine families were not randomised: three families ceased the treatment in an early phase; three families refused the expressed-emotion assessment and could not be randomised; three families refused randomisation.
3.DSM—III—R, as classified at discharge from the intervention.
Intervention condition2
Standard 33 21.18 20.34 363 0.04 21.94 18.70 408 0.16 6.48 2.12 504 0.92
Standard+family 31 10.87 16.15 28.84 19.96 6.45 2.16
Schizophrenia3
No 31 12.13 15.76 479 0.05 28.65 19.47 553 0.27 5.84 1.86 456 0.03
Yes 42 21.07 21.10 24.45 20.40 7.02 2.32