Table 2

Changes in primary and secondary outcomes among those in the experimental and control arms at baseline and at 3 months

Symptom scores Baseline (n=81) 12 weeks follow-up (n=81) Change in scores Difference (t-test)
PANSS, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale.
*P=0.045.
PANSS — total
     Standard care 70.77 (12.82) 67.81 (14.56) 2.96 6.04 (2.04)*
     Music therapy 73.09 (13.41) 64.09 (13.78) 9.00
PANSS — general
     Standard care 35.43 (7.01) 34.54 (7.09) 0.89 3.97 (1.69)
     Music therapy 37.21 (7.09) 32.35 (6.57) 4.86
PANSS — positive
     Standard care 16.52 (3.57) 14.57 (3.41) 1.95 0.56 (0.78)
     Music therapy 16.12 (4.01) 13.61 (3.42) 2.51
PANSS — negative
     Standard care 18.81 (4.72) 18.51 (5.00) 0.30 2.42 (1.32)
     Music therapy 19.76 (4.88) 17.04 (4.81) 2.72
Satisfaction
     Standard care 20.18 (4.07) 20.51 (4.19) 0.33 1.49 (0.99)
     Music therapy 20.18 (5.60) 22.00 (5.05) 1.82
Global functioning
     Standard care 55.65 (9.81) 60.25 (9.27) 4.60 0.14 (0.69)
     Music therapy 54.18 (11.39) 58.92 (10.90) 4.74