Table 1

Estimated risk ratios (95% CI) between mental health outcomes and each pregnancy outcome adjusted for other pregnancy outcomes

Live birth, RR (95% CI)
Measure Abortion RR (95% CI) Pregnancy loss RR (95% CI) Unwanted/adverse reaction No adverse reaction
Concurrent models
     Major depression 2.04 (1.36-3.07) 1.99 (1.21-3.28) 1.97 (1.11-3.48) 0.69 (0.46-1.04)
     Anxiety disorder 2.10 (1.38-3.19) 2.12 (1.28-3.49) 1.46 (0.80-2.66) 1.05 (0.70-1.58)
     Suicidal ideation 2.07 (1.19-3.57) 3.08 (1.62-5.86) 1.37 (0.63-3.00) 0.99 (0.57-1.73)
     Alcohol dependence 1.89 (0.86-4.17) 3.30 (1.33-8.21) 0.44 (0.10-1.83) 0.74 (0.31-1.81)
     Illicit drug dependence 6.64 (2.83-15.61) 1.68 (0.55-5.14) 1.36 (0.40-4.63) 0.53 (0.19-1.46)
     Number of mental health problems 1.49 (1.24-1.80) 1.48 (1.19-1.83) 1.18 (0.91-1.53) 0.91 (0.75-1.09)
5-year lagged models
     Major depression 1.54 (0.92-2.59) 1.29 (0.67-2.50) 1.72 (0.82-3.61) 1.51 (0.90-2.52)
     Anxiety disorder 2.72 (1.59-4.66) 2.45 (1.23-4.91) 1.17 (0.51-2.67) 1.75 (1.02-3.00)
     Suicidal ideation 2.26 (1.17-4.38) 2.15 (0.96-4.83) 1.46 (0.52-4.09) 2.42 (1.24-4.71)
     Alcohol dependence 5.33 (1.90-14.97) 2.29 (0.62-8.39) 0.37 (0.03-4.12) 1.15 (0.34-3.87)
     Illicit drug dependence 4.82 (1.91-12.18) 3.85 (1.05-14.09) 0.37 (0.05-2.80) 0.36 (0.08-1.58)
     Number of mental health problems 1.48 (1.18-1.85) 1.26 (0.96-1.67) 1.05 (0.74-1.49) 1.27 (1.00-1.61)