Table 2

Associations between dietary pattern at phase 5 and covariates at phase 5

Dietary pattern at phase 5
Whole food Processed food
Variables measured at phase 7 Tertile 1a n = 1162 Tertile 2 n = 1162 Tertile 3 n = 1162 Pb Tertile 1 n = 1162 Tertile 2 n = 1162 Tertile 3 n = 1162 Pb
Gender: women, % 21.6 27.2 30.0 < 10-4 39.9 25.4 13.4 < 10-4
Age, years: mean (s.d.) 54.9 (6.0) 55.8 (6.0) 56.1 (6.1) < 10-4 55.6 (5.8) 56.0 (6.1) 55.5 (6.2) 0.005
Single/divorced, % 27.5 20.0 20.5 0.0006 26.2 22.8 19.0 < 10-4
No academic qualification, % 9.6 8.3 6.2 < 10-4 7.8 8.4 7.9 0.23
Low employment grade, % 9.2 8.3 7.5 < 10-4 8.9 8.9 7.2 0.46
Current smoker, % 11.1 8.1 5.4 < 10-4 6.6 8.9 7.2 0.46
Low level of physical activity, % 17.1 11.2 9.9 < 10-4 14.6 13.2 10.3 0.005
Diabetes, % 2.7 2.1 3.4 0.17 3.1 2.7 2.5 0.67
Hypertension, % 23.7 26.2 24.6 0.34 25.3 25.6 23.7 0.52
Coronary heart disease, % 7.1 5.2 4.8 0.04 5.3 5.6 6.1 0.71
Self-reported stroke, % 0.69 0.69 0.43 0.68 0.69 0.60 0.52 0.87
Antidepressant drug use, % 3.1 1.6 2.3 0.06 2.6 2.2 2.1 0.77
Low AH4 cognitive score, % 21.9 21.0 16.5 0.002 20.2 19.0 20.2 0.70
Total energy, kJ/day: mean (s.d.) 477 (136) 532 (136) 618 (174) < 10-4 422 (98) 528 (102) 679 (155) < 10-4
  • AH4, Alice Heim test 4-I.

  • a. Tertiles 1, 2 and 3 represent individuals in the lowest, intermediate and highest thirds of the dietary factor score.

  • b. Value for trend.