Table 2

Bivariate associationsa between ‘harmful item characteristics’ and post-report changes in suicide rates

Codes and subcodes n % raP
a. Point-biserial correlation was used for dichotomous variables; Pearson correlation for continuous variables. All tests two-tailed.
b. Continuous variable. All others: categorical variables, dummy-coded: presence (1) versus absence (0) of the item characteristic.
Identity of the suicidal person
     Name reported 117 23.5 – 0.02 0.59
     Description of character 31 6.2 – 0.07 0.11
Suicidal act
     Method in headline 69 13.9 0.05 0.25
     Step-by-step ‘guide’ 107 21.5 0.05 0.30
     Suicide location reported 66 13.3 0.03 0.45
     Mass suicide or suicide pact reported 11 3.8 0.01 0.90
Causes of suicidality
     Life event(s) reported 228 45.8 0.01 0.77
     Monocausality 148 29.7 – 0.07 0.15
     Societal problems reported to have increased 23 4.6 0.09 0.05
     Citation from suicide note 24 4.8 – 0.05 0.29
Effects of suicidality
     Effects on bereaved 86 17.3 0.07 0.14
     Effects on public life 66 13.3 – 0.08 0.08
     Immediate death without suffering reported 26 5.2 – 0.28 0.13
Style and wording
     Photograph 64 12.9 – 0.003 0.94
     Several independent suicidal acts reported 94 18.9 0.11 0.02
     Reference to a suicide ‘epidemic’ 16 3.2 0.10 0.02
     Headline explicitly on suicide 165 33.1 – 0.05 0.28
     Public myths reported 11 2.2 0.13 0.005
     Article lengthb 0.06 0.20
     Sentence lengthb – 0.02 0.71
     Emotionalityb 0.05 0.31
     Dichotomous thinkingb 0.13 0.004
     Standardised type/token ratiob 0.05 0.29