Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the sample disaggregated by diagnosisa (n = 236)

Schizophrenia (n = 128) n (%) Bipolar disorder (n = 68) n (%) Other psychosis (n = 40) n (%) Test
Age, years
    ≤ 30 46 (35.9) 22 (32.4) 11 (27.5) χ 2 = 4.3, P = 0.37
     31-40 41 (32.0) 26 (38.2) 20 (50.0)
    ≥ 41 41 (32.0) 20 (29.4) 9 (22.5)
Gender
     Female 49 (38.3) 31 (45.6) 15 (37.5) χ 2 = 1.14, P = 0.58
     Male 79 (61.7) 37 (54.4) 25 (62.5)
Formal education
     Non-literate 111 (86.7) 56 (82.4) 34 (85.0) χ 2 = 0.671, P = 0.73
     Literate 17 (13.3) 12 (17.6) 6 (15.0)
Marital status
     Never married 20 (15.6) 10 (14.7) 3 (7.5) χ 2 = 17.2, exact P = 0.001
     Married 82 (64.1) 53 (77.9) 37 (92.5)
     Separated/widowed 26 (20.3) 5 (7.4) 0 (0)
Family typeb
     Extended nuclear 40 (31.5) 29 (42.6) 20 (50.0) χ 2 = 5.35, P = 0.07
     Joint 87 (68.5) 39 (57.4) 20 (50.0)
Economic status
     Below poverty line 117 (91.4) 63 (92.6) 37 (92.5) χ 2 = 0.12, exact P = 0.10
     Above poverty line 11 (8.6) 5 (7.4) 3 (7.5)
Duration of illness, months
    ≤ 24 13 (10.2) 4 (5.9) 1 (2.5) χ 2 = 10.7, exact P = 0.03
     25-60 29 (22.7) 22 (32.4) 19 (47.5)
    ≥ 61 86 (67.2) 42 (61.8) 20 (50.0)
Baseline disability (IDEAS)
     Severe 73 (57.0) 27 (39.7) 25 (62.5) χ 2 = 7.11, P = 0.03
     Mild—moderate 55 (43.0) 41 (60.3) 15 (37.5)
  • IDEAS, Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale.

  • a. All percentages are column percentages.

  • b. n = 235.