Table 2

Baseline sociodemographic and clinical variables predicting outcomea (n = 236)

Change in baseline IDEAS scores, n (%)
<20%, no improvement 20-40%, moderate improvement ≥ 41%, marked improvement Coefficient P
Gender
     Female 8 (8.4) 37 (39.0) 50 (52.6) 0.03 0.70
     Male 15 (10.6) 58 (41.1) 68 (48.2) ref. -
Age, years
    ≤ 30 6 (7.6) 34 (43.0) 39 (49.4) 0.04 0.72
     31-40 12 (13.8) 29 (33.3) 46 (52.9) -0.03 0.74
    ≥ 41 5 (7.1) 32 (45.7) 33 (47.1) ref. -
Marital status
     Un-married 4 (12.1) 20 (60.6) 9 (27.3) 0.14 0.39
     Married 12 (7.0) 58 (33.7) 102 (59.3) 0.52 <0.001
     Separated/widowed 7 (22.6) 17 (54.8) 7 (22.6) ref. -
Formal education
     Non-literate 23 (11.4) 85 (42.3) 93 (46.3) -0.40 0.001
     Literate 0 10 (28.6) 25 (71.4) ref. -
ICD—10 diagnosis
     Schizophrenia 17 (13.3) 64 (50.0) 47 (36.7) -0.49 <0.001
     Bipolar disorder 4 (5.9) 23 (33.8) 41 (60.3) -0.22 0.08
     Other psychosis 2 (5.0) 8 (20.0) 30 (75.0) ref. -
Duration of illness, months
    ≤ 24 0 11 (61.1) 7 (38.9) -0.02 0.91
     25-60 5 (7.1) 24 (34.3) 41 (58.6) 0.13 0.17
    ≥ 61 18 (12.2) 60 (40.5) 70 (47.3) ref.
Poverty limiting access to treatment
     Yes 13 (15.3) 41 (48.2) 31 (36.5) -0.30 <0.001
     No 10 (6.6) 54 (35.8) 87 (57.6) ref.
Family support
     Poor 14 (18.9) 37 (50.0) 23 (31.1) -0.39 <0.001
     Good 9 (5.6) 58 (35.8) 95 (58.6) ref.
  • IDEAS, Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale; ref., reference.

  • a. All percentages are row percentages.