Table 3

Changes in primary and secondary outcomes in the music therapy group and control group from baseline to 3 and 6 months (intention-to-treat): dichotomous outcomesa

3-month follow-up6-month follow-up
Outcomen/N (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)Pn/N (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)P
Leaving the study early
    Control group9/46 (20)0.42 (0.07–1.86)0.3411/46 (24)0.44 (0.09–1.70)0.25
    Music therapy group3/33 (9)4/33 (12)
Responseb
    Control group10/46 (22)2.96 (1.01–9.02)0.03*16/46 (35)1.38 (0.49–3.82)0.64
    Music therapy group15/33 (45)14/33 (42)
  • a Missing information was treated as no response (intention-to-treat analysis).

  • b Response was defined as a 50% or greater reduction in Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale symptom scores.

  • * P < 0.05.