Table 3

Regression modelling showing the relationship between psychiatric outcomes and life viewa

OR (95% CI)
OutcomenSpiritualbReligious (+/– spiritual)b
Drug use
    Ever used drugs71661.24 (1.02–1.49)0.73 (0.60–0.88)
    Used any drug in the past year72981.38 (1.06–1.81)0.64 (0.47–0.87)
    Drug dependent71731.77 (1.20–2.61)0.68 (0.43–1.09)
        Dependent on cannabisc71731.86 (1.18–2.91)0.46 (0.25–0.84)
        Dependent on other drugs (+/– cannabis)1.55 (0.78–3.11)1.34 (0.66–2.74)
Gambler68900.95 (0.33–2.69)1.00 (0.44–2.27)
Post-traumatic stress disorder70361.24 (0.81–1.88)1.22 (0.85–1.76)
Eating attitudes
    SCOFF ≥2 and food interferes with life72981.01 (0.58–1.76)1.10 (0.66–1.85)
    SCOFF ≥273021.46 (1.10–1.94)1.00 (0.78–1.28)
Clinical Interview Schedule
    Panic73251.33 (0.71–2.47)1.41 (0.81–2.45)
    Generalised anxiety disorder72031.50 (1.09–2.06)1.29 (0.97–1.70)
    Mixed anxiety/depressive disorder72031.26 (0.98–1.62)1.04 (0.84–1.30)
    Obsessive–compulsive disorder72031.11 (0.60–2.04)0.87 (0.48–1.58)
    Any phobia72031.72 (1.07–2.77)1.26 (0.84–1.90)
    Depression72031.05 (0.72–1.51)0.80 (0.57–1.13)
    Any neurotic disorder72031.37 (1.12–1.68)1.14 (0.94–1.37)
Hazardous drinker73150.93 (0.78–1.11)0.81 (0.69–0.96)
Happiness71921.01 (0.87–1.18)0.95 (0.84–1.08)
Receiving psychotropic treatment71751.40 (1.05–1.86)1.18 (0.89–1.56)
Receiving counselling or therapy73251.15 (0.77–1.73)1.00 (0.68–1.47)
  • a. Numbers were insufficient to investigate psychosis. Results in bold are significant.

  • b. Reference category is not religious or spiritual, models adjust for those that are significant from age, gender, marital status, ethnicity, educational attainment and social support.

  • c. Reference category for the outcome is no drug use.