Table 2

Individual-level experiences of discrimination, adversities and social support

Minority ethnic group and generational statusa
IrishBlack CaribbeanBangladeshiIndianPakistani
White
British
1st
generation
2nd
generation
1st
generation
2nd
generation
1st
generation
2nd
generation
1st
generation
2nd
generation
1st
generation
2nd
Total, n
    Unweighted83726846433236155395464178468256
    Weighted835246484321369537110458188469255
Previous year
interpersonal racismb
    None9393948883938389839180
    One or moreb77612177171117920
Lifetime work-related
discrimination,c %
    None9689956562938880838485
    At least once4115353871220171615
Levels of practical
support provided from closest
nominated person, %
    Lowest two tertiles6056566166265348634356
    Top tertile – high levels4045443934744752375744
Levels of confiding and
emotional support
provided from closest
nominated person, %
    Bottom two tertiles6465586870718068686770
    Top tertile – high levels3735423230292032323330
Negative social support from
closest nominated person, %
    Bottom two tertiles6364605651243148474949
    Top tertile – high levels3736404450766953535151
Chronic strains and
difficulties,d %
    No chronic difficulties2733233217141827282627
    1+ chronic difficulties7367776883868273727573
  • a. a. 2nd generation: second generation or later.

  • b. b. Reports of insults, assaults or physical damage to property as a result of one’s ethnic group, in the previous year.

  • c. c. Reports of lifetime discrimination at work because of one’s race, colour, religious or ethnic background.

  • d. d. Problems with relatives, difficulties paying bills, difficulties with being able to afford food or clothing, problems with housing (such as damp), problems with the neighbourhood (such as unsafe streets, noise etc).