Table 4

Logistic regression analyses of predictors of disclosure and help-seeking in mental illness

Disclosing to friends or family
(n = 8455)
Disclosing to a current or prospective
employer for those <65 years (n = 6325)
Intended help-seeking from a general
practitioner (n = 8455)
PredictorsAdjusted OR (95% CI)PAdjusted OR (95% CI)PAdjusted OR (95% CI)P
Campaign awareness
    Aware1.27 (1.14–1.43)*<0.0011.20 (1.06–1.35)*0.0031.18 (1.03–1.36)*0.020
    Not aware (ref)
Year
    20160.92 (0.79–1.08)0.3240.98 (0.83–1.16)0.8060.76 (0.63–0.92)*0.004
    20150.94 (0.81–1.11)0.4741.10 (0.93–1.30)0.2780.93 (0.77–1.13)0.485
    20141.06 (0.90–1.24)0.5021.01 (0.85–1.20)0.8741.13 (0.92–1.38)0.235
    20130.76 (0.65–0.89)*0.0010.87 (0.74–1.03)0.1090.95 (0.78–1.15)0.579
    2012 (ref)
Gender
    Female1.28 (1.16–1.42)*<0.0010.88 (0.79–0.98)*0.0191.33 (1.18–1.50)*<0.001
    Male (ref)
Age
    16–241.05 (0.89–1.24)0.5291.02 (0.87–1.19)0.8530.48 (0.40–0.59)*<0.001
    25–441.03 (0.90–1.17)0.6681.06 (0.94–1.20)0.3200.60 (0.51–0.71)*<0.001
    45–64 (ref)a1.21 (1.05–1.38)*0.0060.88 (0.73–1.04)0.135
    65+ (ref)NANA
Ethnicity
    Asian0.96 (0.79–1.16)0.6601.17 (0.97–1.42)0.1031.19 (0.94–1.51)0.143
    Black0.93 (0.73–1.18)0.5581.12 (0.87–1.43)0.3800.93 (0.70–1.25)0.646
    Other0.87 (0.63–1.21)0.4201.01 (0.72–1.43)0.9360.88 (0.61–1.29)0.524
    White (ref)
Socioeconomic statusb
    AB0.96 (0.83–1.11)0.5740.78 (0.66–0.92)*0.0041.01 (0.85–1.22)0.880
    C11.11 (0.98–1.26)0.0960.98 (0.86–1.13)0.8090.94 (0.80–1.09)0.411
    C21.03 (0.90–1.17)0.7161.10 (0.95–1.27)0.2201.05 (0.88–1.24)0.607
    DE (ref)
Familiarity with mental
health problems
    Self1.32 (1.06–1.63)*0.0111.07 (0.86–1.34)0.5241.82 (1.36–2.43)*<0.001
    Other1.24 (1.11–1.39)*<0.0011.02 (0.90–1.16)0.7221.00 (0.88–1.15)*0.958
    None (ref)
  • Ref, reference category; NA, not applicable.

  • a. Age group 45–64 was used as the reference category for disclosing to a current or prospective employer for those <65 years.

  • b. Category AB, professional/managerial occupations; C1, other non-manual occupations; C2, skilled manual occupations; and DE, semi-/unskilled manual occupations and people dependent on state benefits.

  • * Significant at the P <0.05 level.