Table 2

Before-and-after comparison of primary outcomes among those receiving co-located welfare advice and propensity score weighted controls

BaselineFollow-upInteraction group × time,
rOR/β coefficient (95% CI)
AdviceComparisonAdviceComparisonP
Participants with common mental disorder,a %79.568.662.656.50.57 (0.30 to 1.07)0.078
Well-being,b mean (s.d.)18.1 (5.2)18.7 (5.0)18.0 (5.5)19.7 (4.4)0.10 (−0.74 to 0.94)0.814
Consultation frequency,c mean (s.d.)  4.1 (3.8)  2.7 (3.1)  4.0 (3.6)  2.5 (2.5)0.04 (−0.20 to 0.29)0.730
Financial strain,d %66.939.958.643.20.42 (0.23 to 0.77)0.005
  • a. Twelve-item General Health Questionnaire, scores 4+ identified as ‘cases’ (logistic regression, ratio of odds ratios (rOR)).

  • b. Shortened Warwick and Edinburgh Mental Well-being Score (linear regression, β coefficient).

  • c. Self-reported general practitioner appointments in the past 3 months (Poisson regression, β coeffcient).

  • d. Self-reported financial situation ‘difficult/very difficult’ (logistic regression, rOR).